This final edition of FrogLog for 2015 truly does meet two of the broad goals laid out for this magazine. Firstly, this edition shares so many exciting updates that illustrate the incredible progress being made on all fronts of amphibian conservation. You will discover how two rare salamander species that were lost to science for nearly 40 years were not only recently rediscovered, but how the Amphibian Survival Alliance and a consortium of international groups protected some of their last remaining habitat just in the nick of time. You will also read how the ASG Chile lead the update for the extinction risk for Chilean amphibians and how this has highlighted a need for local herpetologists to generate data on population ecology that will contribute to the conservation of these species. In addition to this, you will discover how art is not just increasing the public’s awareness of the plight of amphibians, but is also highlighting the opportunities that exist for the public to make a difference for amphibians. And on the disease front, you will learn about the launch of the new Global Ranavirus Reporting System, a model for future infectious disease reporting and biosurveillance.
Secondly, this edition highlights some of the key questions that all of us—as amphibian conservationists, researchers, educators and enthusiasts alike—should be asking both ourselves and the community. What are some of the effects of targeted habitat protection on the extinction risk of Threatened amphibians? It’s been a decade since the Global Amphibian Assessment so how have the world’s zoos responded? When it comes to amphibian conservation breed programs, do all Threatened amphibians belong on the Ark? What can Lazarus Toads tell us about amphibian conservation? What role can institutional internships play in developing the amphibian husbandry capacity of a country like Madagascar? How can we bridge the gaps between scientists and citizens? Can changing garden management practices help reduce amphibian diseases? As you flip through the pages of i you will see that we have lots of updates and lots of questions. We hope you enjoy this edition and thank you for making 2015 a fantastic year for amphibian conservation efforts all around the world and let’s work together to make 2016 even better!
Candace M. Hansen-Hendrikx
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3 – Editorial
NEWS FROM THE ASA & ASG
4 – Salamanders Lost, Salamanders Found, Salamanders Saved
6 – ASG Chile Leads Update of the Extinction Risk of Chilean Amphibians for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
8 – Targeted Habitat Protection and its Effects on the Extinction Risk of Threatened Amphibians
11 – The Disappearing Frogs Project Leaps into Action to Fund Amphibian Conservation Seed Grants
12 – Sex in the Lab: Using a New Technique to Facilitate Breeding in Tree Frogs
13 – Returning From the Brink: Rebounding Amphibian Populations in a Pathogen Enzootic Environment
14 – Where is Calilegua’s Marsupial Frog?
NEW FROM THE AMPHIBIAN COMMUNITY
16 – The Global Ranavirus Reporting System is LIVE!
16 – The Third International Symposium on Ranaviruses
17 – What Works in Conservation
18 – An Update from the Global Ranavirus Consortium
19 – Saving Salamanders with Citizen Science
20 – Crowdfunding for Chytrid 2.0 (Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans) in Belgium
21 – A Decade on From the Global Amphibian Assessment: How Have the World’s Zoos Responded?
23 – Amphibians and Conservation Breeding Programs: Do All Threatened Amphibians Belong on the Ark?
27 – Lazarus Toads: What Can They Tell Us About Amphibian Conservation
28 – Developing Madagascar’s Amphibian Husbandry Capacity with Institutional Internships
30 – Amphibians in a Changing World: A Global Look at Their Conservation Status
32 – Frog eat Frog
34 – Genetic Erosion: Menace for Amphibian Species Viability?
36 – Garden Management Could Help Reduce Amphibian Disease: Citizen Science in the UK
37 – Part One: Within The Public Water Column: Eurycea sosorum
REGIONAL EDITION: NEWS FROM ASIA, RUSSIA & OCEANIA
39 – Mapping the Malabar Tree Toad—a Citizen Science Initiative in Conserving an Endangered Toad in the Western Ghats of India
41 – Bridging Gaps between Scientists and Citizens: Uncovering the World of Frogs and Toads in Honey Valley, Coorg, Karnataka, India
44 – Identification of Tadpoles of an Endemic Genus Nyctibatrachus from Central Western Ghats India
46 – Rhacophorid Frogs Breeding in Bamboo: Discovery of a Novel Reproductive Mode from Western Ghats
50 – Rapid Decline and Extinction of a Montane Frog Population in Southern Australia Follows Detection of Bd